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The Comparative Study on Food Safety Legal System of East Asia: The 2018 Seminars on Consumer Protection Law and Administrative Law Were Held in Hitotsubashi University

On March 10th, 2018, ¡°The Comparative Study on Food Safety Legal System of East Asia¡± ¨C the 2018 seminars on consumer protection law and administrative law were held in Hitotsubashi University. Professor Hu Jinguang attended the seminar on behalf of Center for Coordination and Innovation of Food Safety Governance, Renmin University of China.

¡°The Comparative Study on Food Safety Legal System of East Asia¡± was a research project carried out by Renmin Law School, Hitotsubashi University Faculty of Law and Pusan National University School of Law, which was funded by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) in Japan. The project lasted for three years. The project was divided into three annual phases: Phase I ¨C the status quo analysis of food safety legal system; Phase II ¨C the issues of food safety legal system; Phase III ¨C the policy suggestions for food safety legal system. The comparative study on food safety legal systems of China, Japan and South Korea, would ascertain the functions of food safety legal systems, and would ascertain the research methods of related issues.

In the opening speech, Professor Hu Jinguang concluded the achievements of the project in the past two years. He affirmed the contribution of the project to Chinese food safety legal system, especially when the food safety governance was still severe in China, and needed to be perfected in various fields such as food supervision and social education. Experts and scholars of the Center for Coordination and Innovation of Food Safety Governance, Renmin University of China, participated in the study on Chinese food safety legal system. He hoped to draw lessons from the academic exchange.

The seminar on consumer protection law focused on food labeling and food traceability.

Professor KUROKAWA Satoshi from WASEDA University introduced Japan¡¯s food traceability legal system, taking the cattle traceability system and rice traceability system as examples. He also probed into the future of Japan¡¯s food traceability system.

Lee Joo Hyoung, Director of policy research department, Korean National Food Safety Information Service (NFSI), pointed out that Korea adopted food identification, labeling and traceability system in the ¡°farm-to-table¡± process.

Professor Sheng Jiping from School of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Renmin University of China, introduced the development of China¡¯s food labeling and traceability system. She also introduced the ¡°Food Safety Tracking and Tracing System¡± in China, which connected the production, inspection, supervision and consumption. It helped the consumers understand the process of production and circulation that conformed to food sanitation, and thus improved trust.

Professor Meng Yanbei from Renmin Law School, taking genetically modified food as an example, introduced the laws and regulations of food labeling system in China, including: (1) content, catalogue and identification methods of genetically modified food labeling; (2) consumer protection and operator protection; (3) the timeliness of food labeling system; (4) the inherent relationship between food traceability system and labeling system.

The seminar on administrative law focused on food safety legal system and universal standard.

Professor TAKAHASHI Shigeru from HOSEI University introduced the identification system of food, agricultural product and aquatic product in Japan, from the perspectives of international food production management certification and Japan¡¯s ¡°management of production process of foods¡±.

Lee Sejeong from Korea legislation Research Institute introduced the status quo, the legal basis and main contents of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) in Korea.

Doctorial student Sun Juanjuan, also the researcher of the Center for Coordination and Innovation of Food Safety Governance, said that food safety regulation was a risk regulation related to science. Scientific assessment was required to identify the hazards in food and methods of regulation. In the process of the coordinated development of global standard and food safety legal system, it was necessary to pay attention to the culture, diversity and difference of foods.

Professor Hu Jinguang made comments from the perspective of food safety standard and labeling.

Professor AOKI Hitoshi from Hitotsubashi University made an excellent summary of the speeches from seven perspectives: stage, tracing, benchmark, standard, subject, sanction and international cooperation. He also shared his viewpoints on how to reach an international consensus in the context of differentiation. He looked forward to the future joint research of China, Japan and South Korea.

¡°The Comparative Study on Food Safety Legal System of East Asia¡± seminars had been held many times. From the perspectives of consumer protection law and administrative law, the seminars mad a thorough study on food safety legal system, which provided new insights for its development in China, Japan and South Korea.

(Editor: CHEN Pei)

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